Recommendations of the Major National Dialogue, September 30 – October 4, 2019

NEWS 30 Sep 2020
Recommendations of the Major National Dialogue, September 30 – October 4, 2019

1- Bilingualism, cultural diversity and social cohesion
-Enhancing the practice of Bilingualism in all segments of society through the creation and implementation of programs starting from preschool ages;
-Enrooting Cultural Diversity through a strict implementation of regional balance and equitable access to public service and security forces;
-Conceive and implement a curriculum on Inter Community Fellowship, Rebuilding Fraternal Trust and Civic Engagement in an effort to strengthen National Social Cohesion;
-Pass legislation that spells out the equitable use of both official languages in all areas of national life;
-Develop and codify principles for social dialogue, social cohesion and living together.

2- Educational System
-Ensure that educational reforms integrate the need to keep the two educational subsystems afloat, buoyant and futuristic, recognising the unique strengths and specificities of each subsystem, building on the strengths of each one to train well rounded and excellent Cameroonian graduates who will excel wherever they go;
-Ensure that Teachers’ Trade Unions should work in collaboration with the Government
-Regulate the proliferation of Teachers Trade Unions and promote better organisation of the Trade Unions to ensure synergy from the regional to national level.

3- Judicial System
-Translate all legal instruments into both official languages and ensure their simultaneous publication in both official languages;
-Take into account the prerequisite of English language proficiency and the mastery of the Common Law legal system when deploying judiciary staff to the North-West and South-West Regions;
-Set up a Law School for training lawyers and all legal practitioners at large in Cameroon;
-Upgrade the Common Law Section of the Supreme Court of Cameroon into a fully-fledged Legal Bench comprising all sections dealing with specific matters of the Common Law;
-Improve mechanisms for legal cooperation in view of commencing proceedings to call to book those financing terrorism from foreign countries;

4- The Return of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons
-The State should set up communication channels for a better deployment of the army and freer movement of the people, as well as take measures for the construction of decent homes for displaced persons;
-Take measures geared towards granting general amnesty to foster the return of refugees and internally displaced persons;
-Proceed to the physical headcount of all displaced persons and come up with an estimate of their basic socio-economic needs (schools, health facilities, accommodation …);
-Provide ‘resettlement and reintegration kits’ to refugees and internally displaced persons;

5- Reconstruction and Development of Conflict-Affected Areas
To formulate a vast Programme for the Recovery, Reconstruction and Development of the North-West, South-West and Far-North regions, aimed at improving the living conditions of the populations and consolidating social cohesion and national unity, the following actions were recommended:
-The immediate resumption of projects whose works have been suspended over the past three years due to the crisis in the North-West and South-West Regions such as the Babajou-Bamenda road, the Loum-Tombel-Kumba-Mundemba-Akwa Road etc;
-The rehabilitation of public facilities and public infrastructure destroyed or rendered obsolete as a result of lack of use because of the crises, particularly in the areas of education, health, transport, energy, water and communications infrastructure;
-The reconstruction of priority economic infrastructures in order to provide support or revive productive systems through revamping the public agro-industrial companies in the affected regions (CDC, PAMOL, UNVDA, SEMRY, SODECOTON);
-The compensation for losses suffered by private individuals, religious congregations, Chiefs’ Palaces, communities and private production and service provision units as well as direct social assistance schemes for victims;
-The voluntarist creation of sustainable jobs for young people and women with a special focus on those from the crisis-affected regions.

6- Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants
-Elaborate and implement a holistic strategy which emphasises the peace offer of the Head of State, H.E. President Paul Biya to separatist fighters;
-Build bridges between these young people, the DDR centres and the defense and security forces as well as suspend the manufacture of home-made weapons and strengthen the fight against the dissemination of small arms;
-Consider the treatment of young people on the spiritual, psychic and physical levels through detoxification programs due to excessive drug use and intensive indoctrination by individuals in the diaspora;
-Integrate the Community Violence Reduction aspect into the DDR program.

7- Role of the Diaspora in the Crisis and in the Country’s Development
-The revision-reform of the nationality code such that dual or multiple nationality be authorised;
-The adoption of the principle of parliamentary and governmental representation of the Diaspora (A ministry dedicated to the Diaspora);
-The creation of a High Council of the Diaspora in the host countries with elected leaders, membership being conditioned by the possession of a consular card;
-The creation of a team responsible for mediation with radicalised members of our Diaspora and
-The creation of a transnational investment and development agency for the Diaspora.

8- Decentralisation and Local Development
-The endowment of the North West and South West Regions with a Special status in conformity with Section 62 Sub 2 of the Constitution which states that the law may take into consideration the specificities of certain Regions with regards to their organization and functioning;
-The effective putting in place of Regions as soon as possible;
-The disbursement of special allocation to each of the Councils in the North West and South West to facilitate the effective resumption to certain agglomerations;
-The suppression of the provision for the appointment of Government Delegates provided for within the Special Regime applicable to certain agglomerations;
-A substantial reduction of the powers of the supervisory authority;
-In view of the reinforcement of the financial autonomy of local authorities, the Commission recommended the:
a- effective implementation of Section 32 Sub 2 of the Law on the orientation of Decentralisation which stipulates the finance law will determine, on the proposal of the government, the proportion of the State revenue dedicated to the Common Decentralization Fund. In this connection, the participants proposed that a margin of 10-15 of the State budget be allocated to the Councils,
b-the waiver of the principle on the single treasury account which delays the effective transfer of funds to local authorities.

About the author

Leave A Reply

Leave A Reply